|Readers like you help support MUO. When you make a purchase using links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Read More.
Python offers a built-in calendar module that lets you manipulate code for specific days or months of the year. You could use it to output a string of all the calendar months in a year, for example.
Here's how to get started with Python's calendar class and make a DIY calendar with it.
How to Get Started With the Calendar Module
The calendar module is easy to use. And since it's a built-in Python module, you don't need to install it separately.
To get started, open your Python file and import the calendar module:
See the Days of the Week
Starting with Monday, the module's default starting day of the week, you can output the days of the week in an abbreviated form using the weekheader() function.
The weekheader() function of the module, however, accepts a width argument. This is an integer that specifies the number or length of the abbreviated string:
The module sets the first day of the week to Monday by default. You can change this to Sunday using the setfirstweekday() function of the calendar module.
Now try to set the first day of the week back to Sunday. Then reprint the week headers as you did above:
See if a Year Is a Leap or Not
Python lets you check whether a year is a leap or not when you invoke the isleap() function from the calendar class.
The function, however, accepts a year argument (2023 as in the below code) and returns a Boolean output:
Check the Number of Leap Days Between Specific Year Ranges
You use the leapdays() to check the number of leap days between specific year ranges.
For instance, to check the number of leap days between 2021 and 2030:
Related: How Does the Python String format() Method Work?
Check the First Week Day in a Month
The module returns a list index of the days in a week. In essence, Monday, the default first weekday, is equivalent to zero, while Tuesday is one—in that order, up to Sunday, the last weekday, which is the sixth index.
You can confirm this by printing the default first day of the week using the firstweekday() method of the calendar class:
Using this insight, let's check the first day of September 2020 using the weekday() function:
Following the default index, 2, here means the first day of September 2020 is a Wednesday.
Related:How Arrays and Lists Work in Python
You can also check the first day of the month and see the number of days in that month.
To do that, use monthrange():
Output a Month Calendar
To see the calendar for a month, use the month() function from the calendar class. In addition to the year and month of interest, it accepts optional width (w) and length (l) arguments.
These arguments are optional. So the module sets them to zero by default even if you don't specify them.
Here's how to print the monthly calendar using the month() method of this class:
That looks like this:
Output a Calendar Year
Ultimately, you can output the entire calendar year using the calendar function of the module:
Here's what the output looks like:
While w controls the width and l controls the length between each string, c and m specify the number of rows and columns, respectively. Feel free to tweak the values of these parameters to see what happens.
That's it! You just created a calendar using Python. If you're curious, you can also look at the to learn more about its various methods and features.
Practice More With Python Calendar Module
We've only discussed the basic concepts of the calendar module in this article. There's more to it than what this article could cover. The module, for instance, offers HTML and CSS decorators and widgets for styling your calendar and presenting it as HTML. Plus, it has comprehensive documentation. So feel free to play around with it as you like. Happy coding!
How do I print a calendar month in Python?
To print a calendar in Python, we import the calendar module, which will import all module classes. Then we assign a value to a variable for the year in which we want the calendar to be printed. Similarly, we assign a value to a variable for the month in which we want the calendar to be printed.
What does month () do in Python?
The month() method is used to get a month's calendar in a multi-line string using the formatmonth() of the TextCalendar class. Year for which the calendar should be generated. Month for which the calendar should be generated.
How do you code a calendar in Python?
mycal = calendar.monthcalendar(2025, month) will create calendar for the month..
Set variables week1 and week2 to the First and second week of the calendar..
Check if Week 1 contains Monday, set audit day..
Else set audit day as the first Monday in week 2..
How do you write months in Python?
month_name[num] is an array that represents the months of the year in the current locale. This follows the standard convention of January being month number 1, so it has a length of 13 and calendar. month_name is the empty string. For example, calendar.